Have you ever wondered what actually accounts for differences in people? What is that which makes every person unique? The answer to these questions is the proportion of tridosha namely Vata, Pitta and Kapha in your body and mind.
Acharya Sushrut says that when tridosha, dhatu, mala and agni are in balance, one is in perfect health.
Here shedding some light on these terminologies.
The tridosha Vata, pitta, and Kapha are throughout the human body and mind. They govern all the physical and mental processes. They are derived from five elements namely Akash, Vayu, Agni, Prithvi, and Jala(space, air, fire, earth, and water respectively). A person with a predominantly Vata constitution will have physical and mental qualities that reflect the qualities of space and air. That is why Vata types think quickly and are fast-moving. A pitta type will have a fiery personality and will be glossy. A Kapha type will have a solid bodily frame and calm temperament.
These tridosha constantly change in response to our actions, thoughts, emotions, the food we eat, season, and any other sensory inputs that feed our mind and body. When these tridosha are in equilibrium, both the body and mind are stable.
All Dhatus make the body and hold the body together. Dhatu means that which does dharana (holding together). Ayurved tells about seven dhatus namely rasa, rakta, mamsa, meda, asthi, majja, and shukra.These seven form the physical body.
Mutra, purish, and sweda (urine,stool, and sweat respectively)are the malas (waste products)of the body. Effective elimination of these malas is important for maintaining good health.
This is the digestive fire that aids in digestion, absorption, assimilation. It converts assimilated food into various dhatus.Impaired agni is the root of all imbalances and diseases. When Agni is balanced, it tends to support strong immunity.
These tridosha,dhatu,mala and agni forms the base of physiology, pathology and treatment in Ayurved.